Different Types of Flower Garden Plants

There are many different types of flower garden plants and your choice of flower garden plants will be important for the design of your garden. Perennials, annuals, biennials, flower bulbs, climbing vines and ornamental grasses are all types of flower garden plants that can be included. Each species of flower will have its own growth requirements so you should have a good idea of your yearly climate as well as soil conditions. Some plants may require special treatment.

Perennials are flower garden plants that bloom for about two to four weeks of the season. However perennials come back year after year and are extremely long lived. When planning your garden you should chose perennials that bloom at different times to ensure that you will have flowers throughout the season. There are perennials that bloom in the spring, summer, fall and late fall.

Unlike perennials, annuals grow, flower, produce seeds and then die all in one season. Annuals produce flowers all season long and are bred to produce consistent color. A few annuals that go well with perennials are nigella, marguerite daisies, sweet alyssum, Brazilian verbena, blue salvia, cosmos and the spider flower.

Biennials which are frequently found with perennials grow their leaves in the first year and then produce flowers in the second year. Then they are like annuals and die, so they have a two year life span. These seeds frequently self seed so you may not have to replant every two years but let the seeds grow. These plants produce stunning flowers such as, hollyhocks, verbascums and foxgloves so the work is worth it.

Flower bulbs also known as tubers or corms are plants that have their storage organs underground. This is where they store energy for the next year and most bulbs need a cold season in order to grow the following year. Early season bulbs are daffodils, tulips, crocuses and snowdrops. Summer bulbs include canna lilies, calla lilies, begonia, dahlias and gladioli. It should be noted that these bulbs need to be stored in a frost free area over the winter.

Climbing vines are great if you have trellises or have a lot of vertical space but not much horizontal area. The clematis, morning glory, hyacinth and sweet peas are all easy to grow climbing vines that produce gorgeous flowers. Ornamental grasses are used for their texture and form as they move with the slightest breeze. These grasses will change color throughout he season as they flower and change color in the fall and then are straw colored over the winter. There are grasses available for both sun and shaded areas.

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